LLNL LDRD projects are of four types: strategic initiatives, exploratory research projects, feasibility studies, and Laboratory-wide-competition projects. Each type has its distinctive purpose, duration, and funding limits.
The purpose of an SI project is to achieve a leap forward in answering key science, technology, and engineering challenges identified in the Laboratory's investment strategy. The Laboratory director takes an active role in selecting projects, monitoring progress, and disseminating results. An SI project is usually large in scope, typically funded for up to three years at $1.5 to $3M per year, and conducted by a large, multidisciplinary, cross-organizational team of scientists and engineers.
An ER project typically engages a multidisciplinary, cross-organizational team of scientists and engineers in innovative R&D for the purposes of (1) forging a new direction for an existing program, (2) responding to a research challenge within a mission area, or (3) making a breakthrough that enlarges the Laboratory's core competencies and scientific reputation. ER projects, which are the majority of LDRD projects, are funded for up to three years, with an annual budget between $300K and $1.3M per year.
An FS provides a flexible way for researchers to propose small, short-term projects to determine the feasibility of a particular technical approach to a mission-relevant science and technology challenge. Feasibility studies are limited to a year in duration, with a maximum funding of $175K.
LW projects emphasize innovative basic research and out-of-the-box thinking. To encourage the innovation and creativity of individual researchers, the LDRD program requires neither filtering by management nor alignment with the Laboratory's investment strategy, though alignment with DOE missions is mandatory. LWs are typically funded up to $275K per year for two years.