We are exploring the use of novel additive manufacturing capabilities to fabricate prototype electrodes with controlled pore sizes and geometries in concert with computer modeling to optimize flow-through electrode designs. Understanding the significance of pore size and orientation for flow batteries can potentially allow these batteries to achieve much higher energy and power densities, with applications in water purification, catalysis, and energy storage.
Chandrasekaran, S., et al. 2017. "Carbon Aerogel Evolution: Allotrope, Graphene-Inspired, and 3D-Printed Aerogels." Journal of Materials Research 32(22): 4166—4185. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2017.411. LLNL-JRNL-735818.
Qi, Z., et al. 2018. "3D-Printed, Superelastic Polypyrrole-Graphene Electrodes with Ultrahigh Areal Capacitance for Electrochemical Energy Storage." Advanced Materials Technologies 3(7): 1800053. doi: 10.1002/admt.201800053. LLNL-JRNL-744282.
Song, Y., et al. 2018. "Three-Dimensional Carbon Architectures for Electrochemical Capacitors." Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 509: 529—545. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.07.081. LLNL-JRNL-732865.
Zu, C., et al. 2017. "3D Printed Functional Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage." Nano Today 15: 107—120. doi: 10.1016/j.nantod.2017.06.007. LLNL-JRNL-732865.
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