Investigating the Relationship Between Microstructure and Dynamic Response Using X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers

Jon Eggert | 21-ERD-032

Executive Summary

Using high-energy, long-pulse optical laser drivers at two x-ray free electron lasers, we will develop a new generation of experiments exploring how the microstructure of materials responds at extreme pressure and temperature. The findings will help researchers better understand how weapon materials behave at these conditions, providing essential information needed in the current efforts to revitalize the nuclear stockpile.

Publications, Presentations, and Patents

Gorman, Martin G., Suzanne J. Ali, Peter M. Celliers, Jonathan L. Peebles, David J. Erskine, James M. McNaney, Jon H. Eggert, and Raymond F. Smith. "Measurement of Shock Roughness Due to Phase Plate Speckle Imprinting Relevant for X-Ray Diffraction Experiments on 3rd and 4th Generation Light Sources." Journal of Applied Physics 132, no. 17 2022: 175902,

Rastogi, Vinay, Raymond F. Smith, Damian C. Swift, Richard Briggs, Martin G. Gorman, Connor Krill, Amy L. Coleman, Dayne E. Fratanduono, Jon H. Eggert, Cynthia A. Bolme, Federica Coppari, Arianna Gleason, Hae Ja Lee, Philip Heimann, Thomas S. Duffy, and June K. Wicks. "Femtosecond Diffraction Studies of the Sodium Chloride Phase Diagram under Laser Shock Compression." Journal of Applied Physics 132, no. 8 2022: 085901,

Smith, Raymond F., Vinay Rastogi, Amy E. Lazicki, Martin G. Gorman, Richard Briggs, Amy L. Coleman, Carol Davis, Saransh Singh, David McGonegle, Samantha M. Clarke, Travis Volz, Trevor Hutchinson, Christopher McGuire, Dayne E. Fratanduono, Damian C. Swift, Eric Folsom, Cynthia A. Bolme, Arianna E. Gleason, Federica Coppari, Hae Ja Lee, Bob Nagler, Eric Cunningham, Philip Heimann, Richard G. Kraus, Robert E. Rudd, Thomas S. Duffy, Jon H. Eggert, and June K. Wicks. "Development of Slurry Targets for High Repetition-Rate X-Ray Free Electron Laser Experiments." Journal of Applied Physics 131, no. 24 2022: 245901,

Wark, Justin S., Malcolm I. McMahon, and Jon H. Eggert. "Femtosecond Diffraction and Dynamic High Pressure Science." Journal of Applied Physics 132, no. 8 2022: 080902,

Wollenweber, L., T. R. Preston, A. Descamps, V. Cerantola, A. Comley, J. H. Eggert, L. B. Fletcher, G. Geloni, D. O. Gericke, S. H. Glenzer, S. Göde, J. Hastings, O. S. Humphries, A. Jenei, O. Karnbach, Z. Konopkova, R. Loetzsch, B. Marx-Glowna, E. E. McBride, D. McGonegle, G. Monaco, B. K. Ofori-Okai, C. A. J. Palmer, C. Plückthun, R. Redmer, C. Strohm, I. Thorpe, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, J. S. Wark, T. G. White, K. Appel, G. Gregori, and U. Zastrau. "High-Resolution Inelastic X-Ray Scattering at the High Energy Density Scientific Instrument at the European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser." Review of Scientific Instruments 92, no. 1 2021: 013101,